The IT services industry is sticking its collective head in the sand over the impact that the shift to the cloud will have on its future revenues and staffing levels. Is it complacency, ignorance or downright deer-in-the-headlamps syndrome?
French blogger and office automation luminary Louis Naugès has decided enough is enough. The co-founder of Google Apps integrator Revevol has just published a lengthy two-part essay looking ahead to how he sees the IT profession in the decade from 2021+.
It doesn't make comfortable reading. As it's in French, I've taken the liberty of translating some of the key passages below.
Naugès' thesis is founded on the belief that we are witnessing the onset of R2I, the Révolution Industrielle Informatique, in other words a massive transformation brought about by the industrialization of IT. He writes:
It is rare that the industrialization of a sector creates more direct jobs than it destroys, I do not see why IT would be an exception to this rule.
Naugès goes on to assess the impact on IT employment across small, medium-sized and large enterprises. Remember this is looking seven years ahead. To get to these numbers implies a massive loss of employment over the intervening seven years.
- By then, small businesses will have no IT staff at all, he predicts. "In 2021+, the situation is clear: No SOHO/SMEs will operate any servers; 100 percent of their applications will be SaaS. There will thus be zero possibility of employment in SOHO/SME for professionals in infrastructure or application development."
- His forecast for mid-sized companies employing up to 50 IT staff today is a brutal drop of 60-80 percent of that headcount. "There will no longer be any private datacenters ... A very small team of infrastructure managers will be needed to optimize IaaS usage ... IT professionals remain indispensable, but in very small numbers, to select the SaaS solutions corresponding to 80-90 percent of needs and develop core business applications that the company wishes to keep."
- He sees large enterprises retaining 50 percent of their IT staff, noting that they will still be needed to operate legacy Cobol, SAP and Oracle systems ("Paradoxically, it is the professionals who work on the oldest infrastructure and applications whose employment will be the least threatened!"). But here's the kicker: the job losses will fall almost entirely on IT services companies, who contribute a significant proportion of overall headcount: "It is obviously the IT services companies who will suffer the most from these adjustments because it is easier for a large organization to terminate a contract for services than to remove internal positions."
This perspective provides an interesting counterpoint to the discussion last weekend surrounding Dennis Howlett's speculation on the relationship between SAP, IBM and Accenture in two years' time. He made the point that people talk as if growth in cloud-related IT services will offset the decline in conventional IT and sure enough, Vijay Vijayasankar responded that he was bullish about the future for all three companies:
"As world moves to SaaS more and more — the demand for integration will open up a very lucrative SI model. And to add to that will be the big data movement. So this disruption is just a shift of business from one service line to another for SIs ... I don't see any of the SI companies — certainly not IBM and ACN — take a big hit long term, except a few bumps along the way."
What I realized as I pondered this discussion was that people either ignore or don't understand that a general move to the cloud — or to be more precise, a general move to consuming applications as a pooled software-as-a-service resource provided by vendors — will hit IT services providers much harder than it will hit the software vendors they work with.
This misconception is encouraged by the current obsession with "forklifting" existing apps to cloud infrastructure rather than rearchitecting them to optimize their use of the cloud. When an on-premise instance is replaced by a multi-tenant SaaS application, then all of the cost and resources that would have been spent by the customer getting it up and running disappears into the vendor's operating costs, where it is aggregated across hundreds or thousands of customers, as I explained several years ago:
With SaaS, the customer base shares a single infrastructure, eliminating all of the redundant capacity and wasted effort of the on-premise model. The aggregate cost of ownership is dramatically reduced, as illustrated in the diagram. Those lower costs translate into savings for customers as well as better margins for providers. With cloud platforms and PaaS, where ISVs share a common infrastructure, even more waste and cost is squeezed out ...
This is what the cloud delivers: hardened, high-performance, reliable infrastructure far superior to that of any single enterprise — at an aggregate cost of ownership and operation far lower than those enterprises would collectively spend across hundreds or thousands of separate private infrastructures to achieve a much worse result.
Naugès explains that this will hit the IT services companies hardest of all because it is their staff that largely do the "pre-industrial crafts" of implementation and maintenance of the infrastructure and applications. They either do this work on site or in offshore "craft workshops." He concludes:
"By 2021+, R2I will have, on these craft workshops, the same impact as that of Word on the PC had on typing pools in the 80s ... It is in these IT services companies that R2I will have the most negative impact on the employment of IT professionals; the two activities that use the most employees will be reduced to a trickle."
There still will be jobs in IT, says Naugès, but instead of being at enterprises they will be at the operators of cloud infrastructure and applications. For any talented individual with skills in innovation, advanced technologies and open source, he advises, "Large industrial infrastructure providers and SaaS solutions will increasingly be your future employers! ...
"On the other hand, change your career path if you are looking for a job with low added value, in a large IT department or in a large service provider. These crafts will have no reason to exist in 2021+."
CIOs, educators and policy makers should start thinking ahead about the disruption that he warns of, believes Naugès. Of course the temptation to do nothing is strong. IT professionals "are confronted with an interesting dilemma," he says:
- Either "Promote innovative IT that improves the competitiveness of organizations of all sizes, public and private, but requires ... fewer IT specialists."
- Or "Defend the old, end-of-life solutions, to protect their current jobs."
But if enterprises start planning now, he advises, there is enough time "to ensure a non-traumatic evolution of IT teams that will lose on average 50% of their workforce."
Naugès' predictions are controversial and it must also be said self-serving in the sense that his business will prosper if they come true. But they are certainly thought-provoking and usefully lift the discussion out of the plane of self-satisified complacency in which it too often takes place.
[Updated after publication to correct IT headcount in mid-sized companies; had been translated as "50 or more" instead of "up to 50".]
Disclosure: SAP and Oracle are diginomica premium partners.
Image credits: Ostrich head © ded - Fotolia.com; Louis Naugès headshot courtesy of Revevol; chart via @philww